Periodontal disease is an infection on the gum tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth. Fifty percent of adults over the age of 30 have some sort of gum disease. The symptoms can vary from having puffy red gums to even bleeding gums when brushing or flossing. Other symptoms include chronic bad breath, receding gums, and loose teeth. Often time early warning signs can be painless which can lead to lack of awareness. When left untreated gum disease can lead to tooth loss.
Gum disease is caused by bacteria that is found in dental plaque. Plaque is sticky colorless film of bacteria that begins to form on the teeth 4 to 12 hours after brushing. When not removed plaque will harden to form tarter. Preceding periodontal disease is gingivitis. At this early stage gum disease can be reversed with proper oral hygiene care. However, when gingivitis is not treated the plaque and tarter can worsen and become periodontal disease. At this point professional cleaning around the pockets of the tooth is important. Periodontal disease when not treated will damage the soft tissue that surrounds the tooth resulting tooth loss. It is important to properly floss and brush daily to prevent gum disease. Be sure to visit your dentist to have your gums examined to make sure they are health.